Civil litigation refers to the area of law involving relations between private individuals. It also is used to describe law involving relationships among persons and organizations. Civil litigation, in this sense, is usually referring to the use of civil law courts (as opposed to criminal courts) often as a means to engage in disputes involving accidents, torts (such as negligence, libel and other intentional torts), contract disputes, the probate of wills, and trusts, and any other private matters that involve private parties. Non-adherence to civil law is considered to be a tort or breach of contract, rather than a crime.
Law relating to or connected with trade and traffice or commerce in general.
The interest which any one has in lands, or in any other subject of property. "Estate" is constantly used in conveyances in connection with the words "right," "title," and "interest," and is, in a great degree, synonymous with all of them. In another sense, "estate" designates the property (real or personal) in which one has a right or interest; the subject-matter of ownership.
Law relating to a collective body of any two persons living together in one house as their common home for the time (i.e. divorce, custody, etc...).
Intervention; the act of a third person who interferes between two contending parties with a view to reconcile them or persuade them to adjust or settle their dispute. This is often done in place of going before a judge.
Law relating to the proof of wills.
Law relating to the process of taxing or imposing tax.